malware'


Welcome back to our monthly review of some of the most interesting security research publications. This month, let's do a bit of crypto... Past editions: April 2017 March 2017 P. Carru, Attack TrustZone with Rowhammer Rowhammer is an attack on DRAM, which consists in repeatedly accessing given rows of the DRAM to cause random bit flips in adjacent rows. Until now, the attack hadn't been demonstrated on ARM's TrustZone: but that's what the author implemented. He demonstrated that, using... [Read More]
by RSS Axelle Apvrille  |  Jun 22, 2017  |  Filed in: Industry Trends
Summary In December 2016, FortiGuard Labs discovered and reported a WINS Server remote memory corruption vulnerability in Microsoft Windows Server. In June of 2017, Microsoft replied to FortiGuard Labs, saying, "a fix would require a complete overhaul of the code to be considered comprehensive. The functionality provided by WINS was replaced by DNS and Microsoft has advised customers to migrate away from it." That is, Microsoft will not be patching this vulnerability due to the amount of work that would be required. Instead, Microsoft... [Read More]
by RSS Honggang Ren  |  Jun 14, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
FortiGuard Labs recently came across a new strain of samples exploiting the CVE-2017-0199 vulnerability. This vulnerability was fixed by Microsoft and the patch was released in April 2017. Due to its simplicity, it can be easily exploited by attackers. It has also been found in-the-wild by other vendors. We have also blogged about some samples recently found in spear phishing attack. While there are plenty of articles discussing this vulnerability, most of them are intended for technical readers and primarily focus on how to create proof-of-concept... [Read More]
by RSS Wayne Chin Yick Low  |  Jun 04, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
Introduction CVE-2017-0199 is a remote code execution vulnerability that exists in the way that Microsoft Office and WordPad parse specially crafted files. An attacker who successfully exploits this vulnerability can take control of an affected system and then install programs, view, change, or delete data, or create new accounts with full user rights. Microsoft issued a patch for this vulnerability April, and most security vendors have published alarms for it. Unfortunately, attacks targeting this vulnerability are still widely being used... [Read More]
by RSS Bahare Sabouri and He Xu  |  May 30, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
A Windows 2003 RDP Zero Day Exploit In this blog, the FortiGuard team takes a look at Esteemaudit, which is an exploit that was included in the set of cybertools leaked by the hacker group known as "Shadow Brokers." They claim that they collected this set of cybertools from the compromised data of "Equation Group," a threat actor alleged to be tied to the United States National Security Agency (NSA). Esteemaudit is a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) exploit that targets Microsoft Windows Server 2003 / Windows XP. The vulnerability... [Read More]
by RSS Dehui Yin  |  May 11, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
Welcome back to our monthly review of some of the most interesting security research publications. Previous edition: March 2017 What happened to your home? IoT Hacking and Forensic with 0-day from TROOPERS 17, by Park and Jin Figure 1: Hacking a vacuum cleaner The authors hacked a vacuum cleaner, which, besides cleaning, also includes an embedded camera and microphone. The hack wasn’t easy because the vacuum wasn’t too badly secured. The authors however found 2 vectors: 1. They connected on the... [Read More]
by RSS Axelle Apvrille  |  May 10, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
Joomla! is one of the world's most popular content management system (CMS) solutions. It enables users to build custom Web sites and powerful online applications. More than 3 percent of Web sites are running Joomla!, and it accounts for more than 9 percent of CMS market share. As of November 2016, Joomla! had been downloaded over 78 million times. Over 7,800 free and commercial extensions are also currently available from the official Joomla! Extension Directory, and more are available from other sources. This year, as a FortiGuard researcher... [Read More]
by RSS Zhouyuan Yang  |  May 04, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
Background Last week, FortiGuard Labs captured a JS file that functions as a malware downloader to spread a new variant of the Emotet Trojan. Its original file name is Invoice__779__Apr___25___2017___lang___gb___GB779.js.  A JS file, as you may be aware, is a JavaScript file that can be executed by a Window Script Host (wscript.exe) simply by double-clicking on it. In this blog we will analyze how this new malware works by walking through it step by step in chronological order. A JS file used to spread malware The original JS code... [Read More]
by RSS Xiaopeng Zhang  |  May 03, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
For us at FortiGuard, it always sounds like a bad idea for people to share malware source code, even if it is for academic or educational purposes. For example, on GitHub we can currently find more than 300 distinct repositories of ransomware, which gives you some idea about the attention that this form of malware receives. Although ransomware has the highest profile in the threat landscape at the moment, that does not mean that other threats have disappeared. Android is the most wide spread OS on mobile devices, covering around 80% of the... [Read More]
by RSS Dario Durando & David Maciejak  |  Apr 26, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research
Fortinet has partnered with INTERPOL over the past two years to assist in identifying and thwarting cybercrime. Today, INTERPOL announced that a new operation across the ASEAN region, built around threat intelligence provided by Fortinet and other public and private sector security organizations, has resulted in the identification of nearly 9,000 Command and Control (C2) servers and hundreds of compromised websites, including government portals. [Read More]
by RSS Bill McGee  |  Apr 24, 2017  |  Filed in: Security Research